11 Simple Ways to Lower Income Tax: Better Prepare Earlier than Later

how to reduce income tax

This post may contain affiliate links. Please see my disclaimer for more information.

how to reduce income tax

The tax season, more than any other time of a year, calls to mind that tax takes a sizable proportion of our income. While we’ve crunched numbers for this year’s tax return, it is never too early to think about how to reduce income tax for the coming years.

1. Maximize 401K contributions

In 2020, the maximum allowed for retirement contribution is $19,500 per person. The higher your income, the more tax you need to pay. By contributing to the tax-deferred retirement account such as 401(k) and 403(b), you may be able to enter a lower tax bracket.

The money you put in this tax-deferred retirement account is subject to tax when you withdraw it after your retirement. However, the tax rate will be most likely lower after your retirement as compared to that while you are employed since your income is usually lower after you retire.

2. Contribute to the Flexible Saving Account (FSA) for dependent care and healthcare

The flexible saving account is a pre-tax benefit account that can be used to pay for eligible dependent care costs such as preschool and summer camp, and healthcare cost such as medical, dental and vision care expenses. The maximum contribution for dependent care FSA is $5,000 per year and $2,750 for healthcare FSA.

3. Use Health Saving Account (HSA)

Health saving account (HSA) could be another way to save money on tax if you and your family are in a good health condition and you don’t foresee any big health cost. You have to enroll in a high-deductible health plan (HDHP) and fund contribution in HAS account can be used to pay your health cost.

The contribution limit is $3,550 for single and $7,100 for a family in 2020 and those contributions are not subject to federal income tax at the time of deposit and can roll over and accumulate year to year if they are not spent. If you are in 25% tax bracket, HSA can save you $888 in tax for single and $1,775 for a couple. Please be aware if you choose HAS, you cannot contribute to healthcare FSA.

4. Deduct moving expenses

If you have moving expenses due to the relocation of a new job or internal transfer, you can deduct your moving expense on the federal tax return if you meet the distance requirement from your old address to the new location.

5. Deduct capital losses

Short-term capital gains are taxed at a much higher tax rate than long-term capital gains. Avoid short-term capital gains. Take Warren Buffet’s strategy to buy and hold stocks. If you have to sell, sell losers and you can carry over that loss to cancel out future capital gains and lower your taxable income.

Winning the Loser's Game, Seventh Edition: Timeless Strategies for Successful InvestingLearn MoreInside the Investments of Warren Buffett: Twenty CasesLearn More Tax-Free Wealth: How to Build Massive Wealth by Permanently Lowering Your TaxesLearn More

6. Deduct depreciation on the part of your property used for rental purposes.

Investing in real estate has great tax benefits. First and foremost is the depreciation from real estate shelters income from tax. For example, a $200,000 building depreciated over 27.5 years provides tax shelter of $7,272 per year. If you are in 25% federal tax bracket, that is $1,818 tax you saved from the depreciation of real estate. Rental income is not subject to social security and Medicare taxes (FICA). The tax benefits from real estate investing are incredible.

However, the hassles to deal with tenants may deter some people from entering into real estate investing. Not everyone is willing to deal with terrible tenants and midnight maintenance requests. Do your homework and figure out what’s best for you.

7. Deduct home business costs

If you’re self-employed working primarily from home, you may deduct your business-related costs such as rent, maintenance, utilities, and transportation. These costs can offset the income obtained from the business. Be sure to keep a good record of your business expenses. 

Working for Yourself: Law & Taxes for Independent Contractors, Freelancers & Gig Workers of All TypesLearn MoreThe Blogger's Simple Guide to Taxes: A Guide to Saving Time and MoneyLearn More The Tax Bible: A Comprehensive Guide for Small Businesses, Self-Employed and Independent ContracorsLearn More

8. Deduct educational expenses 

You may be able to deduct up to $2,500 of the interest you paid on a qualified student loan. The deduction is claimed as an adjustment to income. You may also deduct qualified education expenses for higher education paid during the year for yourself, your spouse or your dependent. In addition, you may deduct work-related education expenses from your income.

9. Claim homeowner credits

If you make your home more energy efficient through new insulation, windows, doors, and roofs in the prior year, you may qualify for a tax credit on your federal income tax return. IRS website provides details on which credit and how much you can take.

Lower-income individuals can claim mortgage interest credit. To qualify, you must contact the appropriate government agency for a Mortgage Credit Certificate before getting a mortgage or purchasing a home.

10. Claim education credits

If you paid qualified tuition and required enrollment fees at an eligible educational institution, you can claim the tax credit for up to $2,000 as the lifetime learning credit, if your income meets certain requirements.

11. Claim dependent credits

The maximum dependent care expense you can use to calculate this tax credit is $3,000 per child. You may qualify tax credits between $600 and $1,050 per child depends on your gross income. Note if you already contributed pre-tax amounts to dependent care FSA, you need to deduct those amounts from your taxable dependent care expense.

For each qualifying child, you can have up to $1,000 child tax credit with the adjusted gross income (AGI) threshold at $75,000 for single filers, $110,000 if married filing jointly, and $55,000 if married filing separately.

The rule of thumb for reducing your tax is to lower your taxable income so you can get a lower tax rate. With a lower taxable income, you may also be able to qualify for more tax credits. There are some other ways to further reduce tax, such as making a donation to charity. Check out IRS credits and deductions for individuals for more information.   

Read More about Personal Finance

7 Reasons Why your New Year Financial Resolutions Do not Stick

Make a SMART Budget: Aiming to Save More Money

Ways to reduce income tax

ways to reduce income tax


  1. The good thing about reinvesting all of my money into my own business is that if I ever do sell the business, I only get taxed at the long term capital gains rate. And if I roll that money over into a new business within 6 months, I don’t get taxed!

  2. Well, filing income tax has been one of the most difficult tasks for me! Don’t know it will ever let me live!

  3. This was very helpful, particularly the tip on claiming home owner credits. We just purchased and installed a very pricey energy efficient air conditioning unit and I think this is something we should look into to see if we qualify for a tax credit.

  4. That’s simply a master plan. Obviously who doesn’t want to save some bucks. Thanks for sharing.

  5. I had to file for an extension on my taxes:( I desperately need to spend sometime this week working on them and implementing these tips.

  6. This a great resource and something we all should be planning for, not only during tax season. We own rental properties and certainly try to utilize deductibles for rental depreciation. I have to keep the rest in mind though as I wasn’t familiar of other potential deductions to reduce tax expenses.

    Mae | http://www.thegospelofbeauty.org

  7. I love to read financial posts, it’s interesting the options available to you all, here in Ireland our pension system is sooooo complex that I’m unsure of how to pay into one or even if it’s worth it. Also its treated like a secret the tax credits available to us, most are not claim what they are entitled too. Thanks for sharing 🙂

  8. These are all great tips. The Hubs and I have utilized all of these tips over the past few years and they’ve helped a lot.

  9. I haven’t started the tax race yet but I’ll keep these in mind when the time comes. Thank you

  10. Awesome tips! Thanks

    1. Thanks for visiting my blog. I am glad these tips are helpful.

      1. As we live in Mexico, I will pass these tips along. Thanks so much.

%d bloggers like this: